The research had with general objective to understand the treatment search with benzedeiras while care way, the specific objectives were: to describe the healing practices of the benzedeiras; To understand the practice of the benzeção while care, and to study the permanence of this practice in the technical modernity. It was developed through research of qualitative nature in a perspective existential phenomenological. The used instruments were the narrative in Walter Benjamin's perspective, the participant observation, participation of the ritual of the benzeção and the diary of the researcher's field. The theoretical foundation will be the analytical existential of Heidegger. The analysis were then accomplished under the optics of the philosophical hermeneutics of Gadamer, in the intention of reaching a final narrative, that will be built starting from the dialogue among the participants, the researcher and the theoretical foundation. The final work resulted in the present theory that is divided in four articles. In the first article it will be presented the researches and works developed on benzeção and care in the perspective existential phenomenological. The second article introduces its recounts and historicity of the benzeção inside of a traditional context. They are considered recounts and historicity in the heideggeriana perspective and still the tradition concept in the optics of Gadamer. The third article will discuss the spirituality and the man's search by treatments that also includes this aspect in the current social context. And in the fourth and last article we try to understand the benzeção while care way in a highly technological society and that fragments the individual in their treatment forms. It is waited that this work can contribute in the reflection and can guide to a new form of looking for this practice of such traditional care that is the benzeção. It was used Mary's theoretical referential, Del Priore and Michele Perrot. And still how that man reconciles the progress of the technique with the coming historical forms of the tradition, in the care way in the health.