Influência da absorção de água e rugosidade de substratos cerâmicos e da adição de fíler na aderência de argamassas de revestimento
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DescriptionThe durability of coating mortars applied on substrates are influenced by the water absorption, porosity and roughness of the substrate surface; the preparation of the coating´s substrate, the method used to apply and the cure conditions of the mortar; beyond the climatic conditions, through the wind, humidity and temperature; and the mortar itself with its components. Based on this context, this research aims to evaluate factors related to the coating´s substrate and the rendering mortar that influence the adhesion strength of mortar coating systems. The experimental program aimed to evaluate the influence of total water absorption, capillary absorption and roughness of three ceramic substrates, as well as the use of filler in the mortar, in the adhesion strength of mortar coating systems. The ceramic substrates were burned at 800°C, 900°C and 1000°C, and of the 144 ceramic pieces of the study, 72 were painted with water repellent. The coating mortars were made with natural river sand and Portland cement CP II-Z-32, in the proportion 1: 3 (by mass), with and without adding 5% of quartz filler. It was observed that the highest tensile strength was obtained with the substrates of ceramic blocks burned at 800°C, which simultaneously present the higher roughness and higher water absorption. The use of filler in the mortar composition increased the adhesion strength when applied on the blocks of greater roughness. In general, the use of water repellent on the ceramic substracts decrease the adhesion strength of mortar coating systems and modify the kind of rupture of the coatings.
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