Análise de fluxos de solda e o impacto no processo de soldagem de esferas em encapsulamento do tipo BGA
Machado, Tiago de Freitas
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DescriptionThe process of soldering spheres in ball grid array components, called BGA, is critical to the semiconductor packaging, because one failure can generate rejects and undiserable reworks to production performance. The current process of the packaging company analyzed presented, in accumulated form, between the months of january and june of 2015 the defect rate of 1220 defects per million of produced units, related to the failure mode denominated ball size with the code SB003. Alternative raw material for solder sphere process applied to semiconductor packaging of different manufacturer could show better performance related to these occurrence. The reduction of material waste and defects reduction in the soldering spheres process is essential to keep a semiconductor packaging company competitive financially both in the national and international market. The objective was to evaluate through laboratory analysis and practical applications four options of soldering flux water and non-water soluble. Characteristics were compared of viscosity, acidity level, pH and mass loss through thermogravimetric analysis TGA improving the intrinsic knowledge about this material and its behavior in the step. The impact was analyzed of different solder flux performance on soldering, performing observation of the flux action on the reflow oven and the ability to realign the solder spheres misplaced that impact on the reduction of the occurrence of defects. It was obtained as result the flux A with better performance of realignment, 9.58% of misplaced spheres were repositioned, present gradual mass loss and less abrupt than the others.
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