The premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a set of physical and emotional symptoms, and behavioral disorders that begin in the week before menstruation and are relieved in the onset of menses. Studies suggest that the intake of nutrients such as calcium, magnesium, B vitamins, soy isoflavones, vitamin D and carbohydrates may lessen symptoms or even prevent them to begin. This study aimed to review published studies about the theme over the past 10 years, using as search terms premenstrual syndrome and diet. The research was conducted on Cochrane, PubMed and Scielo databases. The consumption of approximately 1000 to 1200mg of calcium daily can contribute to the nutritional management of symptoms of PMS, but regarding to other nutrients, studies published until now are still controversial and inconclusive. Thus, more studies are needed so that the information described by some authors may become recommendations.