“E o verbo se fez rede” uma análise da circulação do “católico” em redes comunicacionais online
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DescriptionWith the advancement of digital mediatization, the Catholic Church and society in general develop new modes of communication on the internet, in which there is a diverse and wide-spread network of relationships between symbols, beliefs, and practices linked to Catholicism, the so-called “Catholic.” From this context, this thesis analyzes the way in which the mediatic processes of circulation of the “Catholic” organize themselves in online communicational net-works that emerge in sociodigitais platforms, like Facebook and Twitter. The analysis is done through a multiple case study, combined with gestures of lurking and semi-structured inter-views done with responsible of the Catholic communication on the Vatican and Brazil, from a Catholic supra-institutional level (the @Pontifex_pt account on Twitter); a Vatican institu-tional level (Rádio Vaticano – Programa Brasileiro page on Facebook); a Brazilian socio-institutional level (Jovens Conectados page on Facebook); and a Brazilian peripheral minority level (Diversidade Católica page on Facebook). From specific questions and propositions, the axes of theoretical articulation and tension reflect on the concepts of mediatization; digital mediatization; a digital mediatization of religion. Then it analyses the four empirical cases around the networked circulation of the “Catholic”, from the interfaces, protocols, and recon-nections observed in each case critically interpreting the processes involved on digital mediati-zation of religion in three different angles of inferences. First, in the context of digital media-tization, it examines the emergence of online communicational networks, which articulates cir-cuits and feeds the circulatory flow. Second, within the context of the networked mediatic circulation, it finds the emergence of a connectial dispositif, i.e., a complex of interrelation-ships between techno-symbolic (interfaces), socio-technical (protocols), and socio-symbolic processes (reconnections) which, in a inter-retroactive form, delimit, condition, and condense networked religious practices. Third, in the context of the reconstruction of the “Catholic”, it points to the emergence of a new communicational religious interagent, the “lay-amateur”, and of communicational heresies, by which occurs the invention/production of something new (construction) and the experimentation/transformation of something already existing (decon-struction) around Catholicism. In conclusion, it suggests the emergence of a “religion (in) common,” marked by a communicatively shared, symbolic-religious know-how and power-of-doing to the promotion of experiences; the establishment of beliefs; and the configuration of religious practices in contemporary societies.
CNPQ – Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico