Um estudo sobre Núcleos de inovação e tecnologia do sul do Brasil e seu relacionamento com atores do sistema de inovação: proposta de um quadro referencial para análise da inovação e da transferência de tecnologia
Cabrera, Rosangela dos Santos
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DescriptionThis research focus on how are carried out the linkages between the different actors of the Regional Innovation System (RIS) of southern Brazil, seeking to show how innovation and technology transfer is supported by Innovation and Technology Transfer Offices (NIT’s). The research was supported by the project CESAR (Contribución de la Educación Superior de América Latina a las Relaciones con el Entorno Socioeconómico), under the ALFA III Programm, and funded by the EU commission. Cassiolato and Szapiro (2002) emphasize that the ability to generate innovations has been identified as a key factor of success or failure of companies and nations. This capability is achieved through the interdependence between the actors, producers and users of goods, services and technologies, being supported by specialization in socioeconomic environments. It is from the perspective of the importance of the innovation process and its impact on competitiveness, which this research intended to study the RIS, especially the NIT’s. This study the objective was to establish a referential framework, thereunto we investigate the interfaces for innovation and technology transfer between Innovation and Technology Transfer Offices (ITTO's) of Southern Brazil and other actors of this Regional Innovation System. The study was conducted using descriptive qualitative approach, with the methodological method of a multiple case study. The process of proposition of a referential framework was based on the concepts used in the construction of the theoretical background and in the case studies, linking theory with the findings of the field. Finally, field results corroborated the conceptual framework and provided opportunities to refine the frame of reference. It was observed from the actors accessed that, although there are obstacles to be overcome, the integration of Universities and Centers of Innovation and Technology with the actors in the innovation system, and the existence of NIT’s supported by a coherent strategy, may exert an important role in technology transfer.