A cooperação entre universidade, empresa e governo na promoção de ambientes de inovação: um estudo em parques científicos e tecnológicos no Brasil e em Portugal
Laimer, Claudionor Guedes
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DescriptionThis thesis deals with the cooperation between universities, companies and government in the promotion of innovation environments in science and technology parks. The theoretical evidence on the influence of the exchange of information and knowledge between companies and institutions in an environment of innovation led this study. In this way, the study aims to propose a conceptual scheme that allows the understanding of the elements involved in the promotion of innovation environments in scientific and technological parks, from the dynamic of cooperation among universities, business and government. Based on the empirical research, we sought to establish a conceptual scheme to assist the understanding of the innovation environment. The research used the strategy of multiple case study, being conducted through in-depth interviews with managers of companies and institutions involved in Tecnosinos (Brazil) and Taguspark (Portugal). Among the main conclusions of the research are summarized the following theoretical evidences: a) determinant factors of necessity, reciprocity and legitimacy influence the formation of an interorganizational relationship in the context of scientific and technological park; b) consistency between the individual and collective goals, the interaction between the organization and the coordination mechanisms influence the interorganizational cooperation; c) interorganizational cooperation, the effects of geographical proximity, infrastructure and services, university, government and risk capital are elements that are implicated in the promotion of innovation environments and influence collective gains in a context of science and technology park. In summary, the research's evidences indicate that the contingencies, the attributes and cooperation, the effects of geographical proximity, infrastructure and services, the university, government and risk capital included in the conceptual schema correspond to the main elements involved in the environment for innovation in scientific and technological parks.
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