Trajetória do movimento de mulheres camponesas no RS: da invisibilidade ao protagonismo das jutas sociais
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DescriptionThis paper is dedicated research to understand the Movement of Peasant Women of Rio Grande do Sul State. It is treaded to reflect the process of articulating these women, noting its inclusion in the sociopolitical, economic and cultural spaces inorder to explain how to give their social relations of gender and domineer, which are constantly changing within the family structure and to show its effect on the means of agricultural production. Through narratives about the trajectory of movement, one reveals how these peasant women project their demands, how they articulate their struggles as well as how they problematize the plurality of phenomena that surround them and keep them steadfast, in the last twenty years. To do so, one starts with a reading on social movements in Latin America and Brazil, which discusses the question of the peasantry and rural proletariat, and argues the role of the peasant and his relationship with the land. Making use of oral history, one considers the aspects of womens participation in rural social movements, their struggles and their role and is concluded with ananalysis about the invisibility of performance and resilience of women MMC/RS in this last century. Used as a framework of theoretical and methodological perspective the criticaldialectical approach that employs the use of historical memory MMC/RS, obtained using a method of oral history through interviews, statements and analysis of document archive. On that basis, became possible for me to have a better understanding of the formation of MMC/RS, of its historical metamorphosis and of its interrelationships and linkages with other social movements, as well as the construction of the social role of these women. Discuss as theoretical-analytical categories the invisibility of gender and domineer (patriarchy) issues. That is why, when analyzing the trajectory of movements of these women, was considered as a theoretical framework the transformation of relations of domination and socioeconomic policies, gender, work and family group. Therefore to reflect on the lives of these peasants women is to admit that, in Brazil and Latin America, the construction of their achievements is not complete yet, but it is practical concrete in some aspects, within the social performance.
UNEMAT - Universidade do Estado de Mato Grosso